Article of association
Chapter 1 General Provisions
– Article 1 -The full English name of this association is Taiwan Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (TSCRS).
– Article 2 The Association is a non-profit social organization and established in accordance with the law.
The purpose is as follows:
1) To improve the medical standard of cataract and refractive surgery.
2) To promote clinical education, training and research.
3) To promote academic exchanges in the field of cataract and refractive surgery either in Taiwan and foreign countries.
4) To strengthen communication between the government and private institutions.
– Article 3 The Association takes the national administrative region as its organizational area.
– Article 4 The meeting site of the Association is located in the area where the authority is located, and is reported to the authority for approval to set up a branch.
The organizational rules for the preceding branches shall be drawn up by the board of directors and submitted to the authority for approval.
The address of the association and branch offices shall be reported to the authority for verification whenever being changed.
– Article 5 The mission of the Association:
1) To develop research on cataract and refractive surgery in Taiwan..
2) To promote contacts and exchanges with relevant organizations and individuals both domestically and internationally.
3) To organize education and training courses for ophthalmologists.
4) To strengthen communication and negotiation with government and private institutions.
5) To safeguard member’s rights and safety of clinical practice.
6) To promote harmony and mutual assistance among members and improve the relationship between doctors and patients.
7) To publish ophthalmology publications.
8) Other work related to the purpose of the Association.
– Article 6 The competent authority of the Association is the Ministry of the Interior. The competent authority for the target business is the Department of Health, Executive Yuan. The purpose business of the Association shall be guided and supervised by the respective competent.
Chapter 2 Membership
– Article 7 Qualifications for membership of the Association:
1) Basic Member: Those who agree with the purpose of the Association, have graduated from domestic or foreign medical schools recognized by the government, and have obtained the ophthalmology specialist certificate issued by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan.
2) Prospective members: All physicians who agree with the purpose of the association, have domestic or foreign physician certificates, and are engaged in ophthalmic medical treatment or research work either in Taiwan or foreign countries.
3) Group Member: Any public or private organization or group that agrees with the purpose of the Association, and appoint the representative to exercise membership rights.
4) Sponsoring Member: Any individual or legal person who agrees with the purpose of the Association and is willing to provide various sponsorships for the activities of the Association.
5) Honorary members: All outstanding people from all walks of life in Taiwan or foreign countries who agree with the purpose of the Association could be invited as honorary members after being approved by the council. The application form should be filled in when applying, approved by the board of directors, and the membership fee and annual membership fee should be paid (free for honorary members).
– Article 8 Individual members (member representatives) have the rights of casting vote, being elected and recalling vote, and each member (member representative) has one right. The four types of members, including prospective members, group members, sponsoring members, and honorary members, do not have the rights in the preceding paragraph, but they can participate in various academic research and other activities that must be approved by the council. Their rights of obligation and de-listing are the same as those of Basic members.
– Article 9 Members have the obligation to follow the articles of the Association, do resolutions and pay membership dues.
– Article 10 If a member wants to apply for reinstatement after being suspended from membership, a member shall finish all of the membership fees that a member owed, unless it has been approved by the board of directors for justifiable reasons.
– Article 11 When a member (member representative) violates laws, regulations or does not follow the resolutions of the membership meeting, a member may be given a warning or suspension by the resolution of the board of directors. If those who endanger the group with serious circumstances may be removed from the membership (member representative) by membership meeting’s resolution.
– Article 12 A member who loses membership or is removed from the membership by a resolution of the general meeting shall be deemed to have left the Association.
– Article 13 Members may declare their withdrawal from the association by stating the reasons in writing.
Chapter 3 Organization and Powers
– Article 14 The Association takes the Member Assembly as the highest authority. When the number of members exceeds 300, the member representatives shall be elected in proportion to each other, and then the member representative assembly shall be called to exercise the powers of the Member Assembly. The term of member representatives is 4 years. The number of seats and election methods shall be formulated by the Council and submitted by the authority’s approval.
– Article 15 The powers of the Member Assembly:
1) To make and change regulations.
2) To elect and recall the directors and supervisors.
3) To determine the amount and method of membership fee, annual membership fee, business fee and member donation.
4) To decide on annual work plans, reports, budgets, and final accounts.
5) To decide on the removal of members (member representatives).
6) To decide how to deal with property.
7) To decide on the dissolution of the Association.
8) To resolve other major issues related to the rights and obligations of members (The scope of major issues shall be determined by the Council).
– Article 16 The Association has 13 directors and 3 supervisors, who are elected by members (member representatives) to establish a council and a board of supervisors. When electing the directors and supervisors in the preceding paragraph, 4 alternate directors and 1 alternate supervisor may be elected at the same time that may fill up sequentially in case of vacancy of directors and supervisors. The current board of directors may propose a reference list of candidates for the next board of directors and supervisors. Directors and supervisors may be elected by correspondence, but not consecutively. The measures for election by communication shall be adopted by the Council and shall be submitted by authority’s approval.
– Article 17 The powers of the Council:
1) To examine the qualifications of members (member representatives).
2) To elect and recall the executive director and chairman.
3) To resolve the resignation of directors, executive directors and chairman.
4) To hire and dismiss staffs.
5) To formulate annual work plans, reports, budgets and final accounts.
6) Other matters that should be implemented.
– Article 18 The council shall have 3 executive directors, who shall be elected by the directors, and one of the executive directors shall be elected by the directors as the chairman. The chairman comprehensively supervises the affairs of the Association, represents the Association externally, and serves as the chairman of the member assembly and the council. When the chairman of the board is unable to do his duties, the chairman shall designates one of the executive directors to be as his representative. When the chairman and executive director become vacancy, it should be by-election within one month.
– Article 19 Powers of the board of supervisors:
1) To supervise the work of the Council.
2) To review annual accounts.
3) To elect and recall the executive supervisors.
4) To resolve the resignation of supervisors and executive supervisors.
5) Other matters that should be monitored.
– Article 20 The board of supervisors shall have one executive supervisor, who shall be elected by the supervisors among themselves, to supervise the daily affairs of the board, and to serve as the chairman of the board of supervisors. When an executive supervisor is unable to do his duties due to certain matters, the executive shall designate one supervisor to be as his representative. If no or cannot be appointed, the supervisors mutually recommend one person to be as his representative. When the chairman of the board of supervisors (executive supervisor) becomes vacant, it should be re-elected within one month.
– Article 21 Directors and supervisors are unpaid, and the term of positions is 4 years, and they can be re-elected. The re-election of the chairman is limited to one term.
– Article 22 Directors and supervisors who have any of the following circumstances shall be dismissed immediately:
1) Loss of membership (member representative) qualifications.
2)Those whose resignation is approved by the board of directors or the board of supervisors.
3)Be removed or dismissed.
4)Those who are gotten to suspension for more than half of their term of office.
– Article 23 The Association shall have one Secretary-general, several Deputy Secretary-generals, who shall handle the affairs of the Association under the order of the Chairman, and several other staff members shall be nominated by the Chairman after the approval of the council, and shall be reported to the authority for reference. However, the dismissal of the Secretary-General shall be reported to the authority for approval. The staff in the preceding paragraph shall not be elected member of the Association. The responsibilities and powers of the staff shall be determined by the Council.
– Article 24 The Association may set up various committees, groups or other internal operating organizations. Its organizational rules shall be implemented after being approved by the Council, and the rules to change is same as organization.
– Article 25 The Council may hire one Honorary Chairman, several Honorary Directors and several advisors. The term of appointment is the same as Directors and Supervisors.
Chapter 4 Meeting
– Article 26 The general meeting of members is divided into two types: regular meeting and temporary meeting, which shall be convened by the Chairman. Except for the emergency meeting, the meeting should be notified in writing 15 days ago. Regular meetings are held once a year, and emergency meetings are held when the council deems it necessary, or at the request of more than one-fifth of the members (member representatives), or when the board of supervisors requests to convene by letter.
– Article 27 When members (member representatives) cannot attend the general meeting in person, they may authorize other members (member representative) to represent them in writing, and each member (member representative) is limited to one representative.
– Article 28 The resolution of the member (member representative) meeting should be implemented with more than half of the total members (member representative) and the majority of the attendees agree to do so. However, the formulation and modification of the constitution, the removal of members (member representatives), the dismissal of directors and supervisors, the disposing of property, the dissolution of the Association, and other important matters related to the rights and obligations of members, should have more than two-thirds of the number of people in attendance that could be present. After the association has registered as a legal person, changing constitution should have the consent of more than three-quarters of the attendees or the consent of more than two-thirds of all members by writing. The dissolution of the Association may be resolved at any time by more than two-thirds of all members.
– Article 29 The board of directors and the board of supervisors should hold meetings at least once every six months, and may hold joint meetings or temporary meetings when necessary. When the meeting referred to in the preceding paragraph is convened, except for a temporary meeting, a written notice should be given seven days in advance, and the resolutions of the meeting should be implemented with the attendance of more than half of the directors and supervisors, and the consent of the majority members.
– Article 30 The directors should attend the board meeting, and the supervisors should attend the board of supervisors meetings, and should not to be represented; directors and supervisors who are absent from the board of directors and the board of supervisors for two consecutive times with no reasons should be deemed to resign.
Chapter 5 Funds and Accounting
– Article 31 The source of funding for the Association:
1) Membership fee: NT$3,000 for individual members, NT$2,000 for prospective members, NT$30,000 for group members, NT$100,000 for sponsor members, and pay when you join the membership.
2) Annual membership fee: NT$2,000 for individual members, NT$1,500 for prospective members, NT$30,000 for group members, NT$100,000 for sponsor members.
3) Office expense.
4) Member donations.
5) Entrusted income.
6) Fund and their yields.
7) Other income.
– Article 32 The accounting year of the Association should be based on the calendar year, starting from January 1st to December 31st each year.
– Article 33 Every year, two months before the beginning of the fiscal year, the Council should prepare the annual work plan, income and the budget for revenues and expenditure list, and employee treatment list, and submit it to the membership meeting for approval (if the membership meeting cannot be held as scheduled for some reason, it should be approved by the joint meeting first) and reported to the competent authority for approval before the beginning of the fiscal year. And within two months after the end of the fiscal year, the Chairman will prepare the annual work report, income and expenditure final statement, cash statement, balance sheet, property directory and fund income and expenditure statement, and send it to the board of supervisors for review, and then prepare an audit opinion letter. The board of directors should submit it to the membership meeting for approval and report to the authority for approval before the end of March (if the membership meeting cannot be held as scheduled, it should be reported to the authority first).
– Article 34 After the Association is dissolved, the remaining property should belong to the local self-government organization or the organization designated by the authority.
Chapter 6 By-law
– Article 35 the matters that are not stipulated in this constitution should be handled in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.
– Article 36 The Articles of Association should be passed by the member (member representative) meeting, reported to the authority for verification and implemented, and the same as applying for changes.
– Article 37 This constitution of Association was approved by the first membership meeting of the first session of the Association on December 17, 2005. Reported to the Ministry of the Interior on November 8, 2005, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C. No. 0940066717 for approval.